3. Chinese Advances in Nanotechnology

(Published article in Defence and Security Alert Apr 2012)

A conference of National nanotechnology Coordination Committee was held in Beijing on 11th Jan 2011, where in it was announced by the Chinese minister for Science and technology, Mr Wan Gang that China would seek original breakthroughs in nanotechnology in the next five years and would have in place national nanotechnology programs to achieve the same. The Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences however, indicated that there were several shortfalls in the strides made in nanotechnology and that clarity about the specific needs of the industry for nanotechnology was still an issue.[1]

In the same conference it was brought out that, whereas, China had invested 1.5Bn Yuan in the period 2001-05 on R&D in Nanotechnology, in the period 2006-10 it had spent more than 3 times the amount, i.e. 5BnYuan. Further, two national level research centres in addition to the National Centre for Nanoscience and Technology were also established. China had also become the second largest patent applicant in the world in the field of nanotechnology, with over 12,000 patents in 2009, as against 4600 in 2005.

China appears to be a late entry to the nanotechnology scene as hardly any details were available about its involvement in nanotechnology prior to 2000. If reports coming out of China are to be believed, today it has become a multibillion Yuan flourishing industry at urban centres like Shanghai, Beijing and Hangzhou. The tremendous strides in nanotechnology have its roots in the late 1990s, when both the central and local governments provided large funds for its development under the National 863 Hi-Tech R&D plan with specific time lines. It would be worthwhile to discuss in brief the Chinese philosophy and approach to development of emerging technologies, which has apparently spurred growth of nanotechnology in China.

The Chinese believe that in today’s world warfare implies not only weapons, but also a contest in totality with the adversary involving- military, politics, economics and science and technology. Thus weapons need to be developed keeping all these factors in forefront. Therefore when the science and technology is advancing at a rapid rate and better and better weapons are being designed it is imperative that the material base (R&D) of the defence economy be outstandingly strong. In the words of General Mi Zhenyu:

Weapons development is reliant on the development of the national economy. It also encourages the growth of national defence science and technology. Military high-technology also gave impetus to the development of the economy. Looking at this from two-dimensional space, this big “O” cycle could possibly expand further. Analysing it from a three-dimensional space, this kind of spiralling trend is perfectly suited to the objective laws of material development.[2]

The advancements in technology on the battle field brings about changes in military theory and tactics to be adopted, which leads to a gamut of changes in strategic thought, defence structures, combat doctrines etc. In fact in his view, development of weapons “enhances man’s strategic consciousness, deepens his strategic reflections, and increases the emphasis on strategic projections”. Further China, sees itself a major force for the preservation of world peace along with the Third World countries, this aspiration demands that it should have a sound weapon development program and the military wherewithal to protect itself against aggression from outside its borders.

Major General Sun Bailin of the Academy of Military Science had expounded his views on nanotechnology in an article “Nanotechnology weapons on future battlefields” in National Defense, June 15, 1996.[3] With reference to the MEMS (micro-elctro-mechanical systems) revolution, he believes that it has opened frontiers of scientific developments which will have great significance in national defence and economy; it will usher in a ‘nano-era’ in the 21st century encompassing; nanobiology, nanomanufacturing, nanomechanics, nano-electronics, nanomicrology, nanocontrol, nanosurveying, and the study of nanomaterials. Further, he believes that both Nano and MEMS are in the dual use regime and hold tremendous potential for growth in military power and economics. He has talked about:-

-‘ant robots’ which could replicate themselves and lie dormant in enemy war equipment till activated to destroy them.

-‘blood vessel submarines,’ for molecular surgery.

-‘Distributed Battlefield Microscale Sensor Networks’ dispersing swarms of these molecular devices, which are practically invisible, for gathering battlefield environment information.

-‘Nanosatellites’ these would be step forward of the information gathering molecular devices, and could form a local distributed satellite system, or for complete 24/7 earth coverage a total of 648 nanosatellites could be placed in orbit (with 36 nanosatellites placed evenly into each of 18 equally spaced solar stationary orbits).

In his view the crucial military technology in the 21st century would be nanotechnology, and nanoweapons would bring about profound and fundamental changes in military thought and affairs.[4]

Review of Progress in Nanotechnology. With the above backdrop a review of China’s progress in nanotechnology is discussed in succeeding paragraphs.

A development strategy plan in respect of nanotechnology for the period 2001-2010, was issued by the Ministry of Science and Technology in 2001. The plan was drawn in consultation with the National Natural Science Foundation Committee (NNSFC), the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Ministry of Education, and, the National Development and Program Committee. Under the plan continuous improvements are sought in innovation, development of technology and establishing industrial products specific to China’s long term national development objectives. In medium term the aim is to develop nanomedical and bionano technologies, whereas in the long term emphasis is on nanochips and nanoelectronics.

According to the policy plan, the Chinese government is committed to continuously improve innovative capability, develop advanced technology, and finally attain industrial applications relevant to China’s present status with a focus on national long-term development. With this plan the Chinese government also made clear that it will insist on its set principle that it will support what is beneficial to China, i.e. catching up with international development in general, while finding breakthroughs that can solve key problems in China (Gu, Schulte, 2005)[5].

In basic research and advanced technology, exploration and innovation are emphasised; in applications, the development of nanomaterials is the main objective for the near future. The development of bionanotechnology and nanomedical technology is a main objective for the medium term, whereas the development of nanoelectronics and nanochips is a long-term objective. Therefore across the board coordination and safe guarding of IP rights is to be mandated.

The key areas identified include; accelerating communication and multidisciplinary R&D, aligning market requirement with R&D, aligning nanotechnology development with innovation policy, keeping focus on IPR while promoting fundamental and applied research. The tenth five year plan highlights; exploring market requirement based application, focus on mass production, research and education, accelerating nanotech research leading to formation eventually of national nanotechnology system, by first establishing a nanotechnology centre. As fundamental research bears fruit, it will be utilised to design new nanochips, nanomaterials and structures using molecular manufacturing techniques. Subsequently a database and a standard on national level would be established, creating a fertile ground for flourishing of industrial applications and nanotech industry. The Chinese government plans to provide strong support to existing labs and institutions to enable them to become leading  nanoscience laboratories, this will also lead to an internal competition amongst them and in turn, better research outputs. For achieving this goal two approaches have been identified (Gu, Schulte, 2005)[6]:-

-A national science nanotechnology research centre with latest equipment is to be established as a national pilot centre with multi disciplinary environment.

-A national nanotechnology engineering research centre to speed up innovative research in nanotech application areas and its industrialisation thereafter.

The Chinese Government has set up a national nanotechnology development overseeing committee, called the Guidance and Coordination Committee of National Nanotechnology with representation from all connected and relevant ministries.

Funding for nanotechnology comes from programs 973 and 863, the Natural Science Foundation and the National Technology Gong Guan Program. Private funding is not yet very significant but is likely to catch up in future as more and more applications mature.

Nanotech R&D Centres Beijing and Shanghai have the two major R&D centres for nanotechnology in China. The Beijing Nanotechnology centre encompasses, Beijing Chemical Engineering University, Tsinghua University, Beijing Institute of Construction Materials Research, Beijing Science and Technology University, Beijing Normal University, Nankai University, the Beijing Steel Chief Research Institute, Jilin University, Tianjing University, Beijing University, Chinese Academy of Science Institutes(Semiconductors, Physics, Chemistry,and, Metallurgy) etc.

The Shanghai Nanotechnology centre encompasses Shandong University, Chinese Science and Technology University, Tongji University, Huadong Normal University, Nanjing University, Huadong Science and Engineering University, Chinese Academy of Sciences Institutes (Metallurgy, Solid Physics, Silicates,   and Nuclear science) Shanghai Technological Physics Institute, Zhejiang University, Fudan University, Shanghai Jiaotong University etc. In addition to the above, Chengdu, Xian and Lanzhou are the cities where nanotechnology research is being carried out.

The national and local governments have set up organisation for promoting nanotechnology, some of them are; the Jiangsu Engineering Center of Nanotechnology, the Guidance and Harmonization Committee of National Nanotechnology, the Shanghai Industrialization Base of nanotechnology, the National Industrialisation Base of Nanotechnology in Tianjing, the National Industrialisation Base of Biological, the Shenyang Industry Park of Nanotechnology and Medical Nanomaterials in Sichuan, etc (Gu, Schulte,2005).

Strategic Collaborations in R&D   Phillip Shapira, a professor in the School of Public Policy at the Georgia Institute of Technology has said “Despite ten years of emphasis by governments on national nanotechnology initiatives, we find that patterns of nanotechnology research collaboration and funding transcend country boundaries” “For example, we found that U.S. and Chinese researchers have developed a relatively high level of collaboration in nanotechnology research. Each country is the other’s leading collaborator in nanotechnology R&D.(Quoted in Georgia Institute of Technology Research News– 09 Dec 2010). This is not surprising since 700 Institute level agreements, and about 70 cooperation agreements, spanning over 60 countries, have been signed by The Chinese Academy of Science (CAS). These encompass multi-lateral and bilateral seminars, workshops, joint ventures, young scientist groups, joint investigations, training courses, etc. Thus it can be seen that China is not shying away from acquiring fundamental research benefits through collaborations, it clearly realises that today’s R&D involves tremendous monetary and material resources and there is no gain in reinventing the wheel. It has protected its own research through strict IPR, and prefers those who invest in China and research in fields required by the Chinese National development plan.

Contribution to Defence Efficiency          As the nanotechnology programme is based upon the overarching military strategy in respect of nanotechnology; it requires that it enhances defence capabilities and efficiency by developing military specific nanomaterials, nano aircraft, nano engine technologies, nanosensors and nanosatellites etc. Nanotechnology has enabled significant improvements in triggering devices of strategic weapons by ruggedizing fusing,arming and exploding mechanisms. Further on another front, there has been a quest to develop very low yield nuclear explosives which could be used as controlled micro explosions source for nuclear bombs as well as weapons if compact fusing mechanisms were available. This got a further impetus when it was found that it was more practicable to design a micro-fusion explosive then a micro-fission device. (Micro-fusion results in much less radioactive fallout then an equivalent fission explosive!). This research forms the main thrust areas at nuclear weapons laboratories like US National Ignition facility (NIF) and the French Laser Mega joule laboratory.

There are speculations about China’s Nanoweapons programme but nothing concrete has been cited as yet, it is a question of time before these dual use technologies fructify into tactical Nuclear weapons in the 10 to 100 KT TNT range, which is below the NPT levels and also highly efficient fourth generation strategic Nuclear weapons.

(The author is a retired Director General of Naval Armament Inspection, Naval Head Quarters ,MOD, Govt of India, and holds a PhD from SIS at JNU New Delhi)


[1] Xinhuanet Web site [Online web] Accessed on 29 Jan 2011 URL:    http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-01/c_13686054.htm

[2] Zhenyu Mi (1998), China’s National Defense Development Concepts, Edited by Michael Pillsbury, Chinese Views of Future Warfare, National Defence University Press , Washington DC, 1998.

[3] quoted in ‘Chinese Views of Future Warfare’, Edited by Michael Pillsbury, National Defence University Press, Washington DC, 1998.

[4] Bailin Major General Sun (1996), “Nanotechnology weapons on future battlefields” in National Defense, June 15, 1996; quoted in ‘Chinese Views of Future Warfare’, Edited by Michael Pillsbury, National Defence University Press , Washington DC, 1998

[5] Gu, Hongchen and Schulte, Jurgen (2005), Scientific Development and Industrial Application of Nanotechnology in China, in Nanotechnology: Global Strategies, Industry Trends and Applications Edited by J. Schulte, 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

[6] 1,ibid

http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js

166 thoughts on “3. Chinese Advances in Nanotechnology”

  1. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read something similar to this prior to. So great to uncover somebody with some original thoughts on this topic. realy appreciation for starting this up. this web web site is a single area that may be needed over the internet, somebody if we do originality. effective job for bringing new stuff for the web!

    Like

  2. Great post. I learn a thing extra difficult on diverse blogs everyday. It’s going to generally be stimulating you simply read content material employing their firm writers and practice just a little from their website. I’d would prefer to apply certain with all of the content material on my little weblog irrespective of no matter whether you do not mind. Natually I’ll supply you using a link along with your online weblog. Appreciate your sharing.

    Like

  3. This is the right blog for anyone who needs to search out out about this topic. You notice a lot its nearly arduous to argue with you (not that I actually would want…HaHa). You positively put a brand new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Nice stuff, just great! m21ws53u

    Like

  4. This is a really great article. Not too many people would actually think about this, the way you just did. I am glad that there is so much information about this subject that have been uncovered and you did it so well, with with distinction. If wanted to know more about e cigarette, than by all means come in and check our stuff.

    Like

  5. I truly appreciate this post. I have been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You’ve made my day! Thx again

    Like

  6. Admiring the dedication you put into your site and in depth information you offer. It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed material. Great read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

    Like

  7. Hello, Neat post. There’s an issue together with your site in web explorer, may test this… IE still is the market leader and a good section of people will miss your wonderful writing because of this problem.

    Like

  8. I’m curious to find out what weblog system you are utilizing? I’m experiencing some small security issues with my latest site and I would like to come across a thing more risk-free. Do you may have any suggestions?

    Like

  9. Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he just bought me lunch as I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

    Like

  10. Right after study some of the blogs on your web site now, and that i actually for example your strategy of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Pls take into account my web site at the very same time and make me conscious what you take into consideration.

    Like

  11. I was recommended this website by my cousin. I am not unshakeable whether this record is written by him as nobody else recognize such particularized relative to my trouble. You are incredible! Thanks!

    Like

  12. Greetings! I know this is kinda off subject but I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be serious about trading links or maybe guest authoring a weblog short article or vice-versa? My web site addresses a great deal on the same subjects as yours and I believe we could significantly benefit from each and every other. When you are interested really feel no cost to send me an e-mail. I appear forward to hearing from you! Amazing blog by the way!

    Like

  13. Hola! I’ve been reading your weblog for kotiuaq a while now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Lubbock Texas! Just wanted to say keep up the excellent work!

    Like

  14. What’s Taking place i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It absolutely useful and it has aided me out loads. I’m hoping to give a contribution & help other users like its aided me. Good job.

    Like

  15. I’m excited to find this website. I want to to thank you for your time due to this fantastic read!! I definitely really liked every little bit of it and i also have you saved as a favorite to look at new stuff on your site.

    Like

  16. Thank you a lot for giving everyone an extremely nice opportunity to read articles and blog posts from this blog. And indeed, I’m so usually amazed with the striking inspiring ideas you serve. Certain 1 tips in this post are completely the most suitable we’ve ever had.

    Like

  17. I was just searching for this information for some time. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your web site. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this kind of informative web sites in top of the list. Generally the top sites are full of garbage.

    Like

  18. I would comparable to thnkx for the efforts you have place in inscription this blog. I’m hoping the similar high-grade website post starting you in the imminent as well. Clothed in information your creative prose skills has positive me to get my peculiar net site now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings suddenly. Your write up is a vast instance of it.

    Like

  19. This is the suitable weblog for anyone who desires to find out about this topic. You understand a lot its nearly laborious to argue with you (not that I really would need…HaHa). You undoubtedly put a new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just nice!

    Like

  20. Thank you for your time to have put these points collectively on this weblog. John and I very much appreciated your insight through the articles about certain items. I realize that you have a number of demands in your timetable hence the fact that you truly took equally as substantially time like you did to guide people today like us via this short article is even highly treasured.

    Like

  21. Superior web site! I genuinely adore how it is actually nice on my eyes it truly is. I’m questioning how I can be notified whenever a new post has been produced. I’ve subscribed to your RSS which could do the trick? Have a terrific day!

    Like

  22. I would like to thnkx for the efforts you have place in script this blog. I’m hoping the unchanged high-grade website send from you in the imminent as well. In piece of evidence your creative inscription skills has positive me to get my peculiar trap position instantly. Really the blogging is spreading its wings rapidly. Your write positive is a great paradigm of it.

    Like

  23. I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this info for my mission.

    Like

  24. Awe-inspiring goods from you, man. I suffer with gather your stuff whilom to and you are ethical too great. I truly like what you acquire acquired here, actually like what you’re saying and the personality in which you put about it. You put out it enjoyable and you stationary take pains of to prohibit it sensible. I can not stay to pore over decidedly more from you. This is as a matter of fact a large website.

    Like

  25. Great blog right here! Additionally your site so much up very fast! What web host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your associate link on your host? I wish my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol.

    Like

  26. I’m so happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this best doc. m21ws53u

    Like

  27. I have been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this website. Reading this info So i’m glad to exhibit that I’ve a very good uncanny feeling I came upon just what I needed. I such a lot indubitably will make certain to do not fail to remember this website and give it a glance on a constant basis. m21ws53u

    Like

  28. Just after representation whatsoever of one’s blogposts I moldiness say i pioneer this particularised one particular to typically be best nick. I mortal a weblog also and essential to repost a number of shear of the articles on my own diary tract. Should really it be alright if I use this as daylong I private reference your net diary or build a incoming linkage to your article I procured the snipping from? If not I make and couldn’t do it devoid of possessing your tolerance . I hump collection starred this short article to cheep and zynga calculate motivated for publication. Anyway revalue it either way!

    Like

  29. this was a really excellent post. In theory I’d prefer to create like this also – taking time and genuine work to produce a great post. Actually what I needed. Thanks I’ve been trying to find this kind of information to get a long time.

    Like

  30. This is really a great affecting approach to this certain point. Thanks, I’m genuinely happy you shared your thoughts in addition to techniques and I come across that i am in agreement. I absolutely appreciate your pretty clear writing additionally , the effort you have spent with this posting. A terrific a lot of thanks for that fantastic operate also incredibly very good luck with your world wide web website, I’m awaiting new subjects within the future.

    Like

  31. I will immediately grab your rss feed as I can not find your email subscription link or newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly let me know so that I could subscribe. Thanks. m21ws53u

    Like

  32. Spot i’ll carry on with this write-up, I honestly consider this web page needs a great deal additional consideration. I’ll oftimes be once more to read a lot more, appreciate your that data.

    Like

  33. I have been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or blog posts in this kind of space . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this web site. Studying this information So i am glad to show that I have a very excellent uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I such a lot unquestionably will make sure to do not disregard this website and give it a look regularly.

    Like

  34. Iˇm not positive the place you are getting your info, however good topic. I must spend a while studying more or understanding more. Thank you for excellent info I was looking for this information for my mission.

    Like

  35. In consequence of you throughout the auspicious writeup. It in low-down was a fun account it. Look advanced to more added good from you! But, how could we communicate?

    Like

  36. Hi fantastic website! Does operating a weblog equivalent to this take a terrific deal of operate? I’ve certainly no experience in programming but I was hoping to begin my personal weblog within the near future. Anyways, must you may have any suggestions or guidelines for new weblog owners please share. I recognize this can be off subject but I just required to ask. Thanks!

    Like

  37. Itˇs truly a great and useful piece of information. Iˇm satisfied that you simply shared this useful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

    Like

  38. What i don’t realize is in reality how you’re now not actually much more well-appreciated than you might be right now. You are so intelligent. You already know thus considerably in relation to this topic, made me for my part imagine it from so many varied angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be interested unless it is one thing to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your personal stuffs outstanding. At all times take care of it up!

    Like

  39. Hi there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Terrific blog and fantastic style and design.

    Like

  40. Sweet blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News. Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Thanks

    Like

  41. I’m commonly to blogging and i honestly appreciate your content. The post has certainly peaks my interest. I am going to bookmark your web site and keep checking for new data.

    Like

  42. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; we have developed some nice procedures and we are looking to exchange techniques with other folks, why not shoot me an email if interested.

    Like

  43. Thanks for another wonderful post. Where else could anyone get that kind of info in such a perfect way of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such information.

    Like

  44. I will right away take hold of your rss as I can’t in finding your email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly let me know in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

    Like

  45. I precisely needed to thank you so much all over again. I do not know the things that I would’ve accomplished without these solutions contributed by you on that subject matter. It has been a real intimidating scenario for me personally, nevertheless seeing a new well-written technique you treated the issue made me to weep over delight. Now i am happy for the help and as well , wish you find out what a great job you have been providing instructing people using a site. I’m certain you haven’t got to know any of us.

    Like

  46. I just couldn’t leave your site before suggesting that I extremely enjoyed the standard info an individual provide on your visitors? Is going to be again often in order to inspect new posts

    Like

  47. Can I just say what a relief to acquire a person who essentially knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You unquestionably know methods to bring an issue to light and make it imperative. Even more many people must read this and recognize this side of the story. I cant believe youre not even more preferred due to the fact you absolutely have the gift.

    Like

  48. This is same interesting, You’re a vastly skilled blogger. I have tied your rss nourish and look forward to seeking added of your superb placement. Too, I have public your web place in my societal networks!

    Like

  49. hey there solid blog website and layout. I am hoping I am not annoying you I merely wanted to inquire precisely what wordpress plugin you use to show the newest commentary on your blog? I want to do exactly the same for my free apple iphone page but I cant find the plugin or widget for it. Thanks for your time

    Like

  50. I just now wanted to let you know simply how much we appreciate every single issue you’ve discussed to help boost the lives of males and women within this topic matter. Through your own articles, we have gone from just a novice to a professional within the region. It’s truly a honor for your operate. Thanks

    Like

  51. Good ?I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, web site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task.

    Like

  52. Excellent blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you propose starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely confused .. Any suggestions? Many thanks!

    Like

  53. What i do not realize is in reality how you are now not really much more well-preferred than you might be right now. You are so intelligent. You know therefore significantly when it comes to this matter, produced me individually consider it from numerous various angles. Its like men and women are not fascinated until it is something to accomplish with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. Always take care of it up!

    Like

  54. Nice blog here! Too your locate tons cheery very fast! What web multitude are you using? Can I get your affiliate bring together to your host? I want my web position loaded in the lead as quickly as yours lol

    Like

  55. This is a suitable weblog for absolutely everyone who is would like to figure out about this subject. You currently know a lot its virtually difficult to argue to you (not that I genuinely would want…HaHa). You actually place a whole new spin using a subject thats been revealed for decades. Wonderful stuff, just outstanding!

    Like

  56. I was highly pleased to acquire this web-site.I wanted to thanks for your time for this amazing read!! I surely enjoying each and every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to take a look at new stuff you blog post.

    Like

  57. I’ve been browsing on-line greater than 3 hours as of late, yet I by no means discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is beautiful worth enough for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content as you did, the internet might be much more useful than ever before.

    Like

  58. Spot on with this write-up, I genuinely really feel this remarkable web site requires much more consideration. I’ll oftimes be as soon as extra to determine a lot more, thank you that facts.

    Like

  59. I have been browsing online greater than 3 hours lately, but I never found any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all webmasters and bloggers made just right content as you probably did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

    Like

  60. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all of us you actually know what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Please also visit my website =). We could have a link exchange contract between us!

    Like

  61. nice a single for taking the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and appreciate learning far more on this subject. If achievable, as you gain expertise, could you mind updating your website with far more info? as it is actually incredibly useful for me.

    Like

  62. magnificent publish, very informative. I ponder why the opposite specialists of this sector don’t notice this. You must continue your writing. I am confident, you have a great readers’ base already!

    Like

  63. wonderful post, very informative. I wonder why the other experts of this sector don’t notice this. You should continue your writing. I’m sure, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!

    Like

  64. I’ve recently started a site, the information you provide on this site has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work. “Everyone is responsible and no one is to blame.” by Will Schutz.

    Like

  65. Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Fantastic blog and outstanding design.

    Like

  66. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an email. I’ve got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

    Like

  67. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

    Like

  68. I’ve been browsing online greater than three hours these days, but I by no means discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. Itˇs lovely value sufficient for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content as you probably did, the web can be much more useful than ever before.

    Like

  69. Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this website. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very hard to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and visual appearance. I must say that you’ve done a very good job with this. Also, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Internet explorer. Outstanding Blog!

    Like

  70. Hello there, I think your website might be having browser compatibility problems. Whenever I take a look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Besides that, excellent blog!

    Like

  71. I was highly pleased to acquire this web-site.I wanted to thanks for your time for this amazing read!! I surely enjoying each and every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to take a look at new stuff you blog post.

    Like

  72. What’s Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It definitely useful and it has assisted me out loads. I hope to give a contribution & aid other customers like its helped me. Excellent job.

    Like

  73. I’m impressed, I must say. Extremely seldom do I encounter a weblog that is each informative and entertaining, and let me let you know, you have hit the nail on the head. Your website is essential, the situation is one thing that not enough people are talking intelligently about

    Like

  74. Wow I identified this location on Yahoo poking around for something else entirely, and now I’m going to ought to go back and go the many old material. So considerably at no cost time right now, but this was a magnificent uncover.

    Like

  75. I actually appreciate this post. I’ve been searching everywhere for this! Thank goodness I discovered it on Bing. You have made my day! Thx once more! “Every time we remember to say thank you, we encounter nothing significantly less than heaven on earth.” by Sarah Ban Breathnach.

    Like

  76. I love your style of writing. I’m wondering inside the occasion you might take a short examine my post and let me know what you assume regarding my style. I’m not a natural English speaker and so this really is why I ask.

    Like

  77. This can be actually interesting, You are a especially proficient report author. I’ve registered together with your feed also expect getting the fabulous write-ups. Furthermore, I’ve shared your internet-site with our social networks.

    Like

  78. Thank you, I have recently been searching for information about this subject for ages and yours is the best I’ve discovered till now. But, what about the conclusion? Are you sure about the source?

    Like

  79. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your site. You have some really great posts and I feel I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please blast me an email if interested. Kudos!

    Like

  80. Wonderful beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

    Like

  81. Hi I am so happy I found your blog, I really found you by mistake, while I was researching on Digg for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to say kudos for a remarkable post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I donít have time to read through it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read much more, Please do keep up the awesome job.

    Like

  82. An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I feel which you must write additional on this topic, it could not be a taboo topic but usually people today aren’t sufficient to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

    Like

  83. you are in point of fact a excellent webmaster. The website loading velocity is incredible. It kind of feels that you’re doing any unique trick. Moreover, The contents are masterwork. you have done a magnificent process on this matter!

    Like

  84. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d definitely donate to this fantastic blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will talk about this site with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

    Like

  85. I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this blog. Thank you, I’ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your web site?

    Like

  86. I’m not sure why but this web site is loading incredibly slow for me. Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end? I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

    Like

  87. Can I just say what a relief to acquire a person who essentially knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You unquestionably know methods to bring an issue to light and make it imperative. Even more many people must read this and recognize this side of the story. I cant believe youre not even more preferred due to the fact you absolutely have the gift.

    Like

  88. I just want to say I’m newbie to blogs and certainly liked you’re page. Very likely I’m want to bookmark your site . You definitely have terrific posts. With thanks for sharing your web site.

    Like

Comments are closed.